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Original Article
Factors affecting Weight-Control Behavior Intention in Female College Students: Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior
Eun Ju Kim
Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing 2013;24(2):195-204.
Published online: June 30, 2013
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Department of Nursing, Hanseo University, Seosan, Korea.

• Received: March 13, 2013   • Accepted: June 17, 2013

© 2013 Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing

  • Purpose
    This study was carried out to find factors affecting weight-control behavior intention in female college students based on the theory of planned behavior.
  • Methods
    The subjects were 453 female students from everywhere other than the Gangwon Province and Jeju Island. Data were collected by using a questionnaire.
  • Results
    The factors affecting weight-control behavior intention in female college students within 2 weeks were attitudes and subjective norms. These two factors accounted for 20.0% of weight-control behavior intention. Also, when body shape satisfaction and BMI were added to variables of the theory of planned behavior like attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavior control, these 5 factors accounted for a total of 34.1%.
  • Conclusion
    Due to their distorted perception in preferring skinny body shapes, female college students are likely to attempt at inappropriate weight control behavior. Through intervention with such factors as attitudes and body image satisfaction, which have been derived from the results of this study, healthy weight control behavior should be pursued in practice.

This research was supported by grants from Hanseo University Research Foundation in 2011.

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Figure 1
Model of female college students' weight-control behavior intention based on theory of planned behavior.
Table 1
General Characteristics
Table 2
Characteristics according to Weight Control

BMI=body mass index.

Table 3
Weight Control Intention within 2 Weeks according to Variables related to Weight Control

BMI=body mass index.

Table 4
Variables Affecting Weight Control Intention within 2 Weeks based on Theory of Planned Behavior
Table 5
Variables Affecting Weight Control Intention within 2 Weeks

Note. excluded variables: Difference between the real and ideal BMI, First period of weight control (year).

BMI=body mass index.

Figure & Data



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